Happy Friday from the Health Office!
The lining of your nose contains many tiny blood vessels that lie close to the surface and are easily damaged. Most commonly, nosebleeds are from broken blood vessels caused from dry air. Viruses such as a cold can cause irritation from repeated blowing of the nose which can result in bleeding. Allergies, allergy medications, as well as other medications such as Accutane (for acne) can cause drying of the inside of the nose which can cause bleeding. An injury or blow to the nose can also cause a nosebleed.
Typically, infrequent nosebleeds are not alarming but frequent nosebleeds should be discussed with your medical provider. Sinus infections, allergies or irritated blood vessels are the likely cause, but rarely nosebleeds can be a sign of a bleeding disorder. If you or a family member has frequent nosebleeds, a family history of bleeding disorder or other signs of unusual bleeding such as bleeding gums, cuts that keep bleeding, or unusual bruising, this could be more serious and should be discussed with a medical provider. Also alarming is a nosebleed that results after a head injury (not a nose bump). Bleeding from the nose could indicate a skull fracture and may require emergency care.
Nosebleeds can start suddenly. If you are prone to them, keep tissues close by. Tissues are available in all of the classrooms at Parker (thanks to our generous donors). In years past, nosebleed sufferers were told to tip their heads backwards to stop the dripping. This does not stop the bleeding, it merely sends the blood down the back of the throat into the stomach often causing irritation and sometimes choking and vomiting.
Current treatment recommendations are to stay upright, sitting or standing, leaning forward and allowing dripping to go into a tissue or basin. While leaning forward, the nose should be pinched just below the hard bone and cartilage where the soft tissue starts. Pinch firmly for 10 minutes until bleeding is resolved. Repeat for an additional 10 minutes if needed. If bleeding is profuse and continues for more than twenty minutes contact a medical provider.
Care should be taken when blowing your nose to blow gently and not be overly forceful or to pick the nose. Since the most common cause of nosebleeds is dryness, preventing the dryness is beneficial. Humidifiers can moisten the indoor air. K-Y Jelly or Aquaphor can be used to moisten the nasal passages. To apply, use a cotton swab and gently paint the inside of the nose twice daily. Non-medicated saline drops can also be used to moisten the inside of the nasal passages. Injury is also a common cause of nasal bleeding so prevent injuries to the nose and face by wearing appropriate protective equipment when playing sports.
The Common Cold
The Common Cold is going around Parker again! Don’t forget to cover those coughs and sneezes and wash your hands!
Please remember that most people go to work and to school with cold symptoms if they don’t have a fever. Try to medicate your student before they come to school to help minimize cold symptoms. Unfortunately, the nurse cannot treat your student with cold medicine unless you bring in the medication and then have a physician’s order stating that the nurse can give the medication at school.
Vision/Hearing Screening Results Letters
Letters went out to the parents of 7th and 10th Grade students who need to be evaluated by their physician because they failed the vision or hearing screening. Please have your student assessed and return the documentation that was enclosed with the letter to the Health Office.
Health Office Wish List:
Dixie Cups (3-5 oz)
Band-Aids (all sizes)
Healthy Snacks (granola bars/peanut butter crackers)
Cover those coughs and sneezes!
Don't forget your flu vaccine!
Be well - Smile often - Stay healthy!
Warm Regards, Lisa
Liza Zick, BSN, RN
Office Hours: 8:15 AM - 3:45 PM
(Weds until 2:15 PM)
Phone: 978-772-3293 x135